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Lifestyle changes impacts on cardiovascular diseases: Brazil is in transition from malnutrition to obesity.
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Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. VIGITEL BRASIL 2016. Disponível em: https://www.endocrino.org.br/media/uploads/PDFs/vigitel.pdf. Acessado em: 20/04/2017.
Intake of artificially sweetened beverages has been linked to cardiometabolic risk factors, which increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease and dementia.
In 2888 participants, the Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort evaluated the association between the consumption of sugary or artificially sweetened beverages to stroke or dementia risks. Drinking intake was quantified using a food frequency questionnaire.
There were 97 cases of stroke (82 ischemic) and 81 cases of incidental dementia (63 compatible with Alzheimer's disease).
The higher consumption of artificially sweetened soft drinks was associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke, dementia of all causes and dementia due to Alzheimer's disease, after adjusting for age, gender, education (for dementia analysis), caloric intake, diet, physical activity and smoking. Sugar-sweetened beverages were not associated with stroke or dementia. The authors conclude that consumption of artificially sweetened soda is associated with an increased risk of stroke and dementia.
Reference: Matthew P. Pase, Jayandra J. Himali, Alexa S. Beiser, Hugo J. Aparicio, Claudia L. Satizabal, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Sudha Seshadri, Paul F. Jacques. Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia A Prospective Cohort Study. Stroke. 2017;48:1139-1146. Originally published April 24, 2017
A Nutricionista e Especialista em Indicadores de Qualidade em Terapia Nutricional Cristiane Verotti, ministrará palestras sobre Glúten e Food Detective, além de abordar IQTNs.
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Study performed by Swedish researchers aimed at assessing the mortality predictive value for malnutrition and cause-death influence in the elderly.
The survey included 1767 subjects aged ≥ 65 years admitted to hospital within a year. The nutritional status was assessed by the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and 20 causes of death were classified according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems.
The authors identified 1% of the elderly with risk of malnutrition and 9.4% malnourished, 839 participants (47.5%) died with a median follow-up of 5.1 years. The mortality predictive model identified significant associations (HR = hazard ratio) between malnutrition and risk of malnutrition, respectively, and death due to neoplasms (HR = 2.43 and 1.32); mental and behavioral diseases (HR = 5, 73 and 5, 44); diseases of the nervous system (HR = 4.39 and 2. 08), diseases of the circulatory system (HR = 1.95 and 1.57) or respiratory diseases (HR = 2.19 and 1.49).
Malnutrition and risk of malnutrition are associated with increased mortality regardless of the cause of death, which emphasises the need for nutritional screening to identify older adults who may require nutritional support.
Did you know that not having breakfast and eating late at night increase cardiometabolic risks?
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